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Graham Attwell

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Organization: Pontydysgu
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2010

Attwell, Graham
Supporting Personal Learning in the Workplace
In: The PLE Conference 2010, 2010

Abstract Central to the idea of the Personal Learning Environment is it can assist learners in bringing together and reflecting on all their learning be it form formal education programmes, from work or from home. This would include both formal and informal learning. According to Jay Cross, around 80 per cent of learning in work is informal. Yet much of the focus for work based learning is on courses, rather than practice. Apprenticeship systems usually combine learning in vocational schools with practice in the workplace but there are often problems in linking up theoretical school based learning with work based practice. Researchers into organisational learning have focused on how workplaces can be designed to facilitate learning. Barry Nyhan (Nyhan et al, 2003) states “one of the keys to promoting learning organisations is to organise work in such a way that it is promotes human development. In other words it is about building workplace environments in which people are motivated to think for themselves so that through their everyday work experiences, they develop new competences and gain new understanding and insights.” Yet without support for learning, organizational change may not be sufficient. Vygotsky (1978) has pointed to the importance of support from a More Knowledgable Other to support learning in a Zone of Proximal Development which which is the gap between the “actual developmental level” which a person can accomplish independently and the “potential developmental level” which person can accomplish when they are interacting with others who are more capable peers or adults. The paper will report on work being undertaken through the EU IST programme to develop a Personal Learning & Maturing Environment (PLME), embedded into the working environment, enabling individuals to engage in maturing activities within the organisation and in wider communities of practice beyond organisational boundaries. The work centres on the design a ‘mini learning activities (Conole, 2008) utilising Technology Enhanced Learning to support learners in a Zone of Proximal Development. These activities will utilise multi media including infographics and Technology Enhanced Boundary Objects (Hoyles at al). Although the mediation of a MKO may be seen as being embodied within the technology, learners will also have access to support through an organisational people tagging service. The PLE applications will be available to learners both through desktop and mobile devices.

Attwell, Graham
Designing a Mobile Personal Learning Environment
In: The PLE Conference 2010, 2010

Abstract One challenge for those wishing to develop Personal Learning Environments is how to record and facilitate reflection on learning that takes place in different environments, including the workplace. The use of mobile devices could be a major step towards achieving that goal. There is growing interest in the potential of the use of mobile devices for learning in offering opportunities for access to learning for those with limited access to traditional educational opportunities and technologies, in providing ubiquitous access to learning and in facilitating contextualized learning. However there is limited evidence on which to base such expectations and as yet practice has generally been limited to short-term small-scale pilots and trials. This paper is based on the conceptual development of a Work Oriented Mobile Learning Environment (WOMBLE) through the EU Mature project. It is particularly concerned with the potential affordances of mobile devices for supporting developmental learning and informal learning in the workplace. It is based on a premise that the use of mobile devices may facilitate the development of e-learning in the workplace in a way which has not previously been possible. Thus the first theoretical underpinning for the paper is the nature and pedagogy of work based learning. The paper is also based on conceptual and theoretical work being undertaken by the London Mobile Learning Group, which proposes a socio-cultural ecology for learning, based on the “new possibilities for the relationship between learning in and across formal and informal contexts, between the classroom and other sites of learning.

2009

Attwell, Graham, Cook, John, Ravenscroft, Andrew
Appropriating technologies for contextual knowledge: Mobile Personal Learning Environments
In: Lytras, Miltiadis D. and de Pablos, Patricia Ordóñez and Damiani, Ernesto and Avison, David E. and Naeve, Ambjörn and Horner, David G. (eds.): 2nd World Summit on the Knowledge Society (WSKS 2009), Crete, Greece, Springer, 2009, pp. 15-25

Attwell, Graham, Cook, John, Ravenscroft, Andrew
Appropriating technologies for contextual knowledge: Mobile Personal Learning Environments
In: Lytras, Miltiadis D. and de Pablos, Patricia Ordóñez and Damiani, Ernesto and Avison, David E. and Naeve, Ambjörn and Horner, David G. (eds.): 2nd World Summit on the Knowledge Society (WSKS 2009), Crete, Greece, (2009), Springer, 2009, pp. 15-25

Abstract The development of Technology Enhanced Learning has been dominated by the education paradigm. However social software and new forms of knowledge development and collaborative meaning making are challenging such domination. Technology is increasingly being used to mediate the development of work process knowledge and these processes are leading to the evolution of rhizomatic forms of community based knowledge development. Technologies can support different forms of contextual knowledge development through Personal Learning Environments. The appropriation or shaping of technologies to develop Personal Learning Environments may be seen as an outcome of learning in itself. Mobile devices have the potential to support situated and context based learning, as exemplified in projects undertaken at London Metropolitan University. This work provides the basis for the development of a Work Orientated MoBile Learning Environment (WOMBLE).

2008


Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Learning in Enterprise 2.0 and Beyond (LEB-2008), Maastricht, The Netherlands, September 17, 2008. In conjunction with the 3rd European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (ECTEL 08), Maastricht, The Netherlands, September, 2008.

Nelkner, Tobias, Reinhardt, Wolfgang, Attwell, Graham
Concept of a Tool Wrapper Infrastructure for Supporting Services in a PLE
In: Schmidt, Andreas and Attwell, Graham and Braun, Simone and Lindstaedt, Stefanie and Maier, Ronald and Ras, Eric (eds.): 1st International Workshop on Learning in Enterprise 2.0 and Beyond, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 383, 2008

Abstract As one of the most relevant way of learning after apprenticeship is the informal learning an implementation of a PLE should try to support the learner by mashing up services and tools of every day work, creates cross links between them and gives motivation and support for personal and individual style of learning. This paper presents implementations and ideas for the whole collection of necessary pieces of software to provide a PLE in a bottom up manner. A server implementation is introduced which is based on a SOA approach and which includes an extractor for metadata of file objects. This module is furthermore able to run a semantic analysis on unstructured texts which results in for example in high-quality keywords and identification of persons. Taking this as technical background the social functions are explained which are identified as the functions a PLE is supposed to provide more than any knowledge management or e-learning software. Closing, these functions are converted in ideas of possible implementations of tools and services, back up by graphical mock-ups.


Proceedings of the 1st International Workshop on Learning in Enterprise 2.0 and Beyond (LEB-2008), Maastricht, The Netherlands, September 17, 2008.

Maier, Ronald, Thalmann, Stefan
Informal learner styles: Individuation, interaction, in-form-ation
In: Schmidt, Andreas and Attwell, Graham and Braun, Simone and Lindstaedt, Stefanie and Maier, Ronald and Ras, Eric (eds.): 1st International Workshop on Learning in Enterprise 2.0 and Beyond, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 383, 2008

Abstract Web 2.0 has sparked tremendously increased interest in IT-supported knowledge management and technology-enhanced learning in organizations. Although there have been abundant activities of how to benefit from Web 2.0 technologies, information on how to go about deploying these in organizational settings in a coordinated manner are scarce. Based on the findings of an ethnographically informed study, this paper presents three idealized, richly described scenarios of informal learner styles which are used in order to develop theses on the relationship of Web 2.0 and workplace learning.

Attwell, Graham, Bimrose, Jenny, Brown, Alan, Barnes, Sally-Anne
Maturing learning: Mash up Personal Learning Environments
In: Wild, Fridolin and Kalz, Marco and Palmér, Matthias (eds.): Proceedings of the First International Workshop on Mashup Personal Learning Environments (MUPPLE08) Maastricht, The Netherlands, September 17, 2008. In conjunction with the 3rd European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning (EC-TEL'08), Maastricht School of Management, Maastricht, The Netherlands, September 18-19, 2008, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 388, 2008

Abstract This paper provides an overview of the work of the Connexions Kent Guidance P.A.s and considers their needs in terms of knowledge maturing and development. It goes on to examine why a PLE could assist in this process and outlines the different functions of a PLE. Then a scenario is outlined illustrating the possible use of the PLE. Finally, a Mashup approach to developing the PLE is considered looking at the different possibilities for developing services for the P.A.s and developing and supporting a sustainable community of practice.

Ravenscroft, Andrew, Braun, Simone, Cook, John, Schmidt, Andreas, Bimrose, Jenny, Brown, Alan, Bradley, Claire
Ontologies, Dialogue and Knowledge Maturing: Towards a Mashup and Design Study
In: Schmidt, Andreas and Attwell, Graham and Braun, Simone and Lindstaedt, Stefanie and Maiaer, Ronald and Ras, Eric (eds.): 1st International Workshop on Learning in Enterprise 2.0 and Beyond, CEUR Workshop Proceedings vol. 383, 2008

Abstract This paper proposes an initial design study to examine and test some of the key concepts and issues within a large-scale European research project that is exploring and aiming to realise learning as a process of knowledge maturing in the workplace. It will outline some of these concepts, based on a contemporary (or Web 2.0 driven) articulation of how ontologies can be acquired, externalised and exploited by a user-community and introduce a new role for learning dialogue - through developing work into „dialogue games‟. An initial scenario, or „thought experiment‟, is proposed that is grounded on currently available ontology development (SOBOLEO) and learning dialogue (InterLoc) web-technologies and how these could be integrated, or „mashed up‟, to improve the management, understanding and application of labour market information in the context of careers advice. Finally, we also consider the potential role of m-learning techniques and the implications about context that these give rise to.

2007


Searching, Lurking, and the Zone of Proximal Development. e-learning in small and medium enterprises in Europe
, Pontybridd/Bremen, 2007

Abstract Perhaps the most important question is the relationship between education and training systems and informal learning. There is currently much attention paid to informal learning at a policy level. As such the concern is to develop an exchange value to learning which at present is seen only as having use value. A better approach might be to recognise the use value of informal learning through profiling learning in non-constrained (e)-portfolios. Such an approach would provide a major move to learner driven learning where all learning is valid rather than only recognising that learning supported by qualification frameworks.

Attwell, Graham
The Personal Learning Environments - the future of eLearning?
eLearning Papers, vol. 2, no. 1, 2007, pp.

Attwell, Graham
Personal Learning Environments for creating, consuming, remixing and sharing
In: Griffiths, David and Koper, Rob and Liber, Oleg (eds.): Service Oriented Approaches and Lifelong Competence Development Infrastructures: Proceedings of the 2nd TENCompetence Open Workshop, Institute of Educational Cybernetics, 2007, pp. 36-41